Part One
  Map Reading

  Reading Topographical Maps Introduction 1. HOME

  Topographical Maps - Definition, Purpose and Categories 2. Maps

  Information in the margins of an army map 3. Marginal Information    and Symbols

  Latitude, Longitude and Other Methods to Locate Points on Topographic Maps 4. Grids

  Translating Distance on a Topographic Map to Distance on the Ground 5. Scale and Distance

  Grid North, Azimuth, Declination And Other Concepts Used To Find Direction With Topographic Maps 6. Direction

  Overlays - Used Primarily In Army Map Reading 7. Overlays

  Aerial Photographs - Supplements And Substitutes For Topographic Maps 8. Aerial Photographs

 Part Two
  Land Navigation

  Using Compass, GPS, Sun, Shadows, and Stars in Land Navigation 9. Navigation Equipment    and Methods

  Reading The Shape Of The Land In Topographic Maps 10. Elevation and Relief

  Orienting and Navigating With Topographic Maps 11. Terrain Association

  Mounted Land Navigating With Motorized Vehicles 12. Mounted Land    Navigation

  Land Navigation In Different Types of Terrain 13. Navigation in    Different Types of    Terrain

  Sketching Topographic Maps A. Field Sketching

  Folding Topographic Maps B. Map Folding     Techniques

  Units of Measure and Conversion Factors Used in Reading Topographic Maps C. Units of Measure and      Conversion Factors

  Units of Measure and Conversion Factors Used in Reading Topographic Maps D. Joint Operations      Graphics

  US Army Training Material for Map Reading and Land Navigation E. Exportable Training      Material

  Orienteering F. Orienteering

  US Army M2 Compass G. M2 Compass

  Additional Aids such as Night Vision Goggles and Global Positioning System or GPS H. Additional Aids      (GPS, Night Vision)

  Global Positioning System -  GPS J. Global Positioning      System - GPs


Outdoor Gear Store Outdoor Gear Store

Links to other sites LINKS

Link to us LINK To Us


Often, having just a few small items of equipment can make the difference between enjoying an outdoor experience, and having a miserable time. Here are a few carefully chosen items that you may find very useful while hiking or camping. Some of them can also be useful during emergencies or catastrophes when power fails, or when other services are temporarily unavailable.
Pedometer Oregon Scientific PE316CA Pedometer with...
Oregon Scientific's pedometer is an affordable high-tech fitness tool packed with functions. It's very lightweight (which is great when exercising), and doesn't provide a distraction while the workout is in progress. Though light, it is still very durable, and once it's clipped to a waistband there's no need to worry about it slipping off. It computes and displays distance walked, number of steps taken, calories burned, and time of day--all displayed with backlit illumination of the screen for easy viewing--and measures 2-1/2 by 1-1/4 by 1-1/2 inches.
Led Headlamp Streamlight 61060 Trident...
LED/Incandescent combo headlamp with 90-degree tilting head and adjustable headstrap. Three white LEDs and xenon bulb within same reflector offer spot to flood focus and three levels of lighting. Up to 120 hour run time. Trident is constructed of lightweight thermoplastic and weighs only 5 ounces. Uses three AAA alkaline batteries.
Hike and Drive Compass PNI V700 The Hike and Drive Compass
Folding Saw Fiskars 93626935 PowerTooth Folding Saw
The Fiskars 6 inch PowerTooth Pruning Saw has a unique tooth design that gives this little saw a big bite. The smooth cut takes less effort and promotes faster healing than regular pruning saws.
Huntsman Swiss Army Knife Swiss Army Huntsman Pocket Knife
From the renowned company that created the Swiss Army knife a century ago comes this complete set of tools for campers, hikers, hunters, fishers, and other outdoor lovers--all neatly contained inside a single implement that measures just 3-1/2 inches long. The tools include a large knife blade, small knife blade, can opener, small screwdriver, bottle opener, large screwdriver, reamer, sewing eye, plastic toothpick, tweezers, corkscrew, scissors, hook, and wood saw.
Walkie Talkies Motorola T5820 2-Way Radio AA (Graphite...
The Talkabout T5820 is an ideal adventure two-way radio. The sporty design is built to withstand a harsh environment and provide extra communications range (up to 5 miles - range will vary based on terrain and conditions), making this two-way radio perfect for hikers, fishermen, and people playing outdoor sports. In addition to all of the features of the T5800, this device has 5 more call tones, Channel Scan and VibraCall functionality.
The radio uses three AA Alkaline batteries sold separately. Upgrade your device with the optional NiCD rechargeable battery upgrade kit. Other features: 22 Channels, 38 Codes to minimize interference from outside your group; Backlit LCD display for easy reading in dark conditions; 10 audible call tones to get other's attention before you start talking; VOX advanced voice activation lets you talk hands-free with accessory. This radio requires an FCC license.
Garmin eTrex Garmin eTrex GPS
The eTrex is sort of a dumbed-down, rugged version of the company's more advanced eMap. Designed specifically for hiking, biking, and camping, the eTrex is one of the easiest-to-use GPS units available. It offers the ability to track up to 12 satellites so you never lose contact with one. The eTrex won't work inside--however, we don't anticipate that you'll get lost inside a building very often.
Sticking with its theme of simplicity, the eTrex has only five buttons, making it easy to use with just one hand (It's specifically designed for the left hand.) Weighing only 5.3 ounces with the batteries installed, the eTrex is also ultralight, making it an easy addition to a daypack. The eTrex is also waterproof, so a little water shouldn't damage the unit.
The eTrex can hold up to 500 user-created waypoints. And using Garmin's TracBack feature, it's easy to plot a course with up to 10 waypoints and follow it in both directions.
eTrex case Garmin Carry Case for eTrex Series &...
Save your eTrex Summit and other eTrex models from some of the scuffs and scrapes of everyday use with Garmin's eTrex Carry Case. This carry case covers your unit while in storage or while on duty in the field. Its nylon material ensures durability and lasting protection.
Windshield Mount Garmin 010-10350-00 Automotive...
Garmin 010-10350-00 Automotive windshield mounting bracket with suction cup mount
Bicycle Mount Garmin Bicycle Mount Bracket for eTrex...
Now securing your GPS onto the handlebar of your bike is a snap with Garmin's Bicycle Mount Bracket for Etrex/Summit. This bicycle mount fits bars up to 1 inch in diameter and is a safe, secure way to take your GPS with you. It's also great for motorcycles and ATVs.



Map Reading and Land Navigation Buy the book this website is based on: Map Reading and Land Navigation

This website is based on the US Army Field Manual: "Map Reading and Land Navigation" Buy a copy from to take with you out in the field.


Book Review - Be Expert with Map and Compass

One of the best ways to learn and become proficient in any subject is to find a way to make a game or sport of it. That's exactly what orienteering does! Orienteering began to develop almost 100 years ago in the Scandinavian countries as a fun and effective method for military training in land navigation. Bjorn Kjellstrom was closely involved with the early development of orienteering, and he is the person who introduced the sport to North America. He, along with his brother Alvar, and a friend named Gunnar Tillander, invented the modern orienteering compass. They manufactured and marketed it as the Silva Protractor compass. This compass, along with Bjorn's book Be Expert with Map and Compass, made it much easier for anyone to learn how to use a map and compass.

This book has become the most widely read classic on the subject of map reading, compass use, and orienteering. Over 500,000 copies have been sold in the english language editions alone. There have been very successful editions published in French, Italian, and other languages as well. It is a short (just over 200 pages), easy to read, enjoyable book that can help you to have fun while you learn the subject quickly and effectively.

The book is organized into four main parts, plus a short, useful introduction. Part 1 covers having fun with maps alone. Then, Part 2 covers having fun with a compass alone. Part 3 puts it together and shows you how to have fun with a map and compass together. This section also introduces the game or sport of orienteering. Part 4 covers competitive orienteering for those who would like to compete with others in the sport.

A reproduction of a segment of an actual topographic map is included as a fold-out in the back of the book. It is used together with the "how-to" instructions the book provides. For example, one of the exercises in Part 3 is an imaginary orienteering "hike" that uses the sample map.

If you would like to have one of the best books available on map reading and using a compass, Be Expert with Map and Compass is hard to beat. You can buy a copy from today.

Read a book review of Agincourt

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